Colorado Counseling, Inc.
Providing Solutions to Individuals and Families
Domestic Violence


Domestic violence is defined by the Colorado State Standards Commission as "The infliction of bodily injury or harmful physical contact or the destruction of property or the threat thereof as means of coercion, control, revenge, or punishment upon a person with whom the actor is involved in a intimate relationship."

Types of Domestic Violence:
Use of physical force to intimidate, control or force some one to do something against his/her will.
Sexual:Forcing sex with physical force, threats of harm or forcing partner to engage in activities they object.
Property: Throwing or breaking objects,kicking or putting fists through walls or doors.
Psychological: Threats to use violence if the person does not do what you want. Controlling behavior like telling her whom she can be with, when and where. Extreme jealousy like constantly questioning about who she has been with, what she did, where she went. Making accusations, constant suspiciousness.  Mental degradation including name-calling, put downs and constant threats.   

Common Points:
1) They are all ways of controlling, dominating, and intimidating another person.  
2) They all have potentially serious physical and psychological consequences.


  • D.V is the leading cause of injury to women outnumbering auto accidents, muggings and rapes combined.
  • Women were attacked about six times more often by offenders with whom they had an intimate relationship than were male violence victims.
  • 61% of female homicides victims were wives or intimate acquaintances of their killers.
  • 10% of the female homicides victims were less than 18 years of age.

Law Enforcement Duties:
If a peace officer has probable cause to believe that a crime involving domestic violence has been committed, the officer shall without undue delay arrest the person suspected and charge them with the appropriate offense. (Remove from the scene and book.)

Dual Complaint Law:
If a peace officer receives complaints of domestic violence from two or more opposing persons, the office shall evaluate each complaint separately to determine if a crime  has been committed by one or more persons. In determining whether a crime has been committed by one or more persons, the officer shall consider the following:
a) Any prior complaints of domestic violence;
b) The relative severity of the injuries inflected to each person;
c) The likelihood of future injury to each person; and
d) The possibility that one of the persons acted in self-defense.

Use of Physical Force in Defense of a Person
A person is justified in using physical force upon another person in order to defend himself or a third person from what reasonably  believes to be the use or imminent use of unlawful physical force by that other person, and he may use a degree of force which reasonably believes to be necessary for that purpose.

The likelihood that Someone will be Injured in the Future
High risk and lethality factors
Retaliation against the victim for the police being called
By calling the police, the private abuse just became public

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